Vasectomy (seminal duct surgery), which is preferred among contraception methods because it provides permanent contraception, is the process of connecting the ducts on both sides of the man and preventing the sperm from mixing into the semen. Vasectomy , a male contraception method, can also be defined as the process of permanently disrupting the passage of sperm cells from the testicles to the areas where they are stored by surgical methods.
How is Vasectomy Performed?
Vasectomy, which is performed under local anesthesia (numbing), is performed by cutting and ligating the vas deferens through a small incision. During the operation A small incision is made in the scrotum, the scrotum, and the sperm ducts are removed through this incision. The removed canals are connected to each other and a small incision is taken from the canals and then the canals are destroyed by burning with a device called cautery. This destruction is a procedure that will make it impossible for sperm to pass through these ducts again. After all these procedures, self-melting sutures are placed on the skin and the operation is completed.
Since the operation is performed under local anesthesia, the patient does not feel any pain during the operation. It does not require hospitalization or long rest in the following period. After a short rest, the patient can return to their daily life.
A vasectomy prevents the sperm produced in the testicles of men from being transferred to the place where the sperm is stored, so that sperm cannot pass into the female uterus during sexual intercourse. Sperm remaining in the testicle are destroyed by the body itself over time and disappear.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Vasectomy
Vasectomy is a permanent and lifelong contraceptive method. An ideal method for couples who do not plan to have children, vasectomy helps to enjoy sexual intercourse without fear of pregnancy. However, since the vas deferens that are ligated during the vasectomy operation have nothing to do with the production of seminal fluid, there is no change in the amount and appearance of the man’s semen. The male does not undergo any change in sperm and hormone production with the operation, and no change in sexual desire or sexual activity occurs.
The disadvantage of vasectomy is that it is a permanent procedure. If the couple wants to have children in the future, it is possible to open the ducts again with an operation, but this is not always successful. Even if the ducts are opened, the sperm count will never return to the initial number, so conception is very unlikely.