Laparoscopy is a type of surgery based on the principle of visualization of the intra-abdominal organs, which is applied in the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases developing in the abdominal region. The surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia. A thin telescope is inserted through the patient’s belly button into the abdomen and the abdominal organs can be visualized with this method. It is possible to perform all kinds of gynecological surgical interventions with this surgical method, which aims to find out what factors cause different problems such as abdominal pain and infertility.
What is Laparoscopy and How is it Performed?
Laparoscopy is a surgical method used to examine organs and tissues in the abdominal cavity. The method, also known as minimally invasive surgery, is performed under general anesthesia and by specially trained operating doctors. In laparoscopy operations, multiple and small incisions (0.5 – 1 cm) called ports are used. A tubular device called a trocar, through which special instruments and a special camera called a laparoscope are inserted into each incision. At the beginning of the procedure, the patient’s abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to provide working and visualization space. The images from the abdominal cavity are then transmitted to high-resolution video monitors in the operating room. By watching the images on the monitor during the operation, the surgeon can perform the same procedures as traditional open surgery with fewer incisions.
Since laparoscopy operations have smaller incisions than conventional surgeries, the patient recovers much faster. There is also much less bleeding and pain and the scars are smaller. The patient can be discharged after surgery.
When is laparoscopy performed?
Laparoscopy is a method used primarily in gynecology, but it is also used in the diagnosis and treatment of many different diseases. In obstetrics, it is applied in areas such as investigating the cause of infertility, treating the cause of infertility, overcoming and treating problems in the uterus, removal of the uterus, uterine cancer treatments. Laparoscopy can also be used for endometriosis, infertility due to ovarian problems, intrauterine adhesions, fibroids, ectopic pregnancy, and to investigate the cause of menstrual periods with excessive pain and bleeding. Apart from all these, laparoscopy can be applied in different situations such as treatment of cysts or tumors in the abdomen, removal of the gallbladder, cutting and removing the intestines for treatment, investigating the causes of persistent abdominal or groin pain, diagnosis and treatment of undescended testicles, hernia repair, stomach ulcer repair.